Adding a garden trellis to any planted area enhances the beauty of the natural landscape. Whether the area is a small patio space, a large formal setting or a side yard, the trellis can be both functional and stylish. There are a variety of sizes, shapes and materials available depending on the plant selection and overall affect.
In some cases, for instance against a wall or fixed structure, the decorative effect of the piece can stand alone. A climbing plant may hide the beauty of the design unless the plant is aesthetically pruned and maintained. Or if the purpose is strictly functional, a simple pattern and basic materials may be the proper choice of the landscape artist.
Sizes and Shapes
The first consideration, for a support type trellis, is the growth pattern of the plant. Small trellises can be used to provide stability in a potted plant. A flowering vine or climbing varietal can be placed in a pot with a support frame and placed on a patio. Choosing a trellis that will be used in a container involves measuring the width, height and stake dimensions to ensure enough room for plant growth.
If the garden trellis is to be used against a wall, width and height should be measured and the attachment method needs to be considered. A free standing trellis that forms a backdrop in a garden allows more flexibility in determining size. Full sized arbor trellises create a focal point in a larger space.
The use of metal: cast iron, copper, painted or fatigued metals, adds an interesting contrast to the garden. Wrought iron provides functional support while allowing a multitude of design possibilities. Simple formed metal frames in a shiny finish create a contemporary look while floral or latticed designs have an Old World appeal. Even in a window box application, a miniature garden trellis adds beauty and interest.
When choosing a metal design, consider the thickness of the metal to ensure that it will support the desired planting. Climate conditions also play an important part, some metal compositions will endure temperature extremes and others may only survive one season. Painted metal frames may require upkeep that may not be suitable for a free climbing, dense growth plant.
The use of wood as a support material adds a casual, natural look to the garden. A latticed wood piece creates a classic, country or farmhouse style that enhances a cottage garden setting. Wood is suitable for simple designs or can be carved into floral or fantasy shapes.
When choosing a wood design, consider the type of wood and the finished results. Redwood, for instance, can be left unfinished and is suitable for outdoor environments. Painted wood adds color dimensions to a garden but requires upkeep. Antiqued wood is a good choice for trellises and gives a carefree natural look.
The use of a garden trellis serves several purposes. It will add support and allow proper growth for a variety of plants while enhancing the natural beauty of the space. Choosing the correct size and materials can make the choice a valuable addition to an outdoor space that will be enjoyed for many years.
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